Australia’s Economic Outlook Snapshot 

  • According to the 1 February IMF report on Australia, strong post-pandemic recovery and favourable terms of trade have led Australia to a stronger cyclical position than most advanced economies.  Growth is expected to slow to 1.6% in 2023 from 3.6% in 2022 as higher interest rates and weaker global growth cut into domestic demand and net exports. Inflation is projected to decelerate slowly toward the 2-3 % inflation target by the end of 2024.  
  • In January 2023 ,S&P Global affirmed Australia’s AAA credit rating in Australia and said it expects the nation to avoid a recession and Australia’s’ treasurer Jim Chalmers said “Australia was in a strong position, with unemployment at record lows, strong prices for energy and other exports, and the early stages of wage growth”. 
  • A recent survey of Australian business leaders by JPMorgan also reports that confidence in the country’s economic outlook has improved, with a majority of respondents reporting positive expectations for growth in key sectors such as construction, manufacturing, and professional services. 

Growth, Challenges and Sectors of Opportunity for Exporters 

The continued rollout of COVID-19 vaccines is expected to boost consumer confidence and spending. Additionally, the Australian government has committed to a range of infrastructure projects that will provide a much-needed boost to the construction sector and support job creation.  

However, the Australian economy will also face a number of challenges in 2023. One of the biggest challenges is the ongoing impact of the pandemic on international trade and travel. This will likely continue to weigh on sectors such as tourism and export-oriented industries, which are critical to the country’s economic growth. 

Another major challenge is the ongoing impact of the global economic slowdown on Australia’s key trading partners, including China and the United States. This will put pressure on the country’s export-oriented industries and could lead to a slowdown in overall economic growth. 

Despite these challenges, there are a number of key industries that are expected to perform well in 2023.  

  • According to the JPMorgan survey, construction and manufacturing are two of the industries that are expected to experience the strongest growth, driven by increased investment in infrastructure and the continued rebound of the housing market. 
  • The Australian government continues to invest in renewable energy projects and promote the transition to a low-carbon economy which will provide opportunities for overseas companies in areas such as wind and solar power, as well as energy storage and grid management. 
  • The healthcare sector is also expected to perform well in 2023, as the country continues to invest in new technologies and treatments to improve health outcomes and reduce the costs of healthcare delivery. This will provide opportunities for overseas companies in areas such as medical devices, biotechnology, and telemedicine.


March 2023